This week we will be focusing on ‘Where does it come from’? Therese Astrid’s mother suggested this topic. And she provided this lesson plan for us to discuss with children. Therese will be visiting the service and going to talk about where some of the things you eat comes from. You can add some more things/questions/ideas and send to us.It would be great if you could go through where some of the things you have at home come from and discuss it with them.
What comes from the farm
- Questions for the kids: Do you know what a farm is?
- Does anyone live at a farm?
- Has anyone seen cows or sheep grazing/eating grass in a big field/paddock?
- Has anyone seen big green fields with strange plants or grass growing on it? Show pictures of oat fields or fruit/berrie fields.
- Does anyone like milk, or maybe ice cream? Do you know where it comes from?
- There are different types of farmers. A few examples: Some have lots of different animals (1), and some have crops/fields of grains/grass/flowers (2) and some are growing vegetables or fruit/berries (3).
For teacher: At the end of the class: combine products from all of these areas: as an example bring a cracker (flour ( 2)), butter/cheese spread (milk (1)) and cucumber/carrot snack (vegetable (3)) and see if they remember where they come from. Let them feast on this for afternoon tea, lunch or directly after class?
1. The farmer with animals:
The farmer has to take good care of his animals by feeding them and sometimes provide a big field/paddock full of grass and a house for them.
COW: gives us milk which in its turn provides us with lots of food products called dairy products. A few examples of these are : milk, cheese, butter, buttermilk, youghurt, sour cream and ice cream.
Bring a few of these dairy products as an example and let the kids name them and tell if they have any at home.
How does these products end up at your house: Farmer have a machine that takes the milk out of the cow, (gets milked) and this happens at least twice every day (A).
Show picture of a cow getting milked.
Then a big truck comes to the farmer to pick up the milk (B).
Then the truck drives to a factory and leaves the milk there to change it into different products (C).
Then the finished products are going by truck/boat to the shops where we buy them (D).
SHEEP: gives us lanolin, wool to use for blankets, yarn, clothes, and sheepskin to keep us warm.
Show the kids some examples like nature coloured yarn/coloured yarn, wool clothes like a cardigan, slippers/uggboots, sheepskin, lanolin, woolblanket. Let them feel /try the products.
Question for the kids: Can you see any product from the sheep on me? Make sure you have uggboots on.
Do you have any of these products at home or on you? Look at each other/teachers.
How does these products end up at your house: Farmer takes care of the sheep at the farm and shaves their wool off when it gets long (A).
Then the wool goes through the same step B, C and D as mentioned above.
While talking about the farm it is good to use a toy farm as an example:
Farmhouse and farmer toy plus toy animals, picture of growing wheat/cucumber plants (1+2+3+A).
Toy truck to pick up the products with (B).
A toy building/house/factory and a toy person as factory and their workers (C).
The toy “shop” with a toy shopping trolley, a toy person and some of the finished products from all areas (1+2+3+D).
2. The farmer with crops/fields of grains:
On some of the farmers fields there might be wheat or oats growing.
Show picture of growing wheat and the finished product so they know what it is.
Question for the kids: Have anyone eaten oat porridge for breakfast today? I will tell you how it got to your house from the farmer.
The farmer have to take care of his fields of oats/grains by making sure they get enough water and nutrition.
OATS : Gives us products like animal food, oat porridge, biscuits and músli.
How does these products end up at your house: When the grain/oats has grown long enough it has to be cut down (explain it as it beeing ripe like a fruit, they have probably tasted a banana that has been either too green or too black).The farmer use a special tractor or machine called a harvest machine that separates the seeds/grains from the grass (show picture again and point to the grain and then the finished product)(A).
Then the grain goes through the same step B, C and D as mentioned above.
WHEAT:Is getting changed into flour that can give us products like bread, cakes, pies and cookies.
Question for the kids: Do you have any of these products at home?
Show a picture of growing wheat. Bring a container with plain flour and show the kids.
How does these products end up at your house: Same procedure as oats.
Question for the kids: Do you remember the different steps from looking like a grass /show picture again) to becoming flour? (hold up the container). Help them by pointing at your toy farm and the different steps A+B+C+D.
3. The farmer with vegetables, fruit and berries:
On some of the farmers fields, there might be carrrots, cucumber,apples and strawberries growing.
Show picture of fields with growing crop and the finished product so they know what it is.
Question for the kids: Did you eat any of this for dinner yesterday? I will tell you how it got to your house from the farmer.
The farmer have to take care of his fields of vegetables/fruits/berries by making sure they get enough water and nutrition.
We can eat the vegetables/fruit and berries as they are.
Question for the kids: but can you think of anything else that is made out of vegetables, fruit or berries for example? =MOST COMMON JAM
How does these products end up at your house: When the vegetable, fruit or berrie has grown long enough it has to be picked or taken care of (it is ripe). The farmer can pick things like strawberries by hand but they can also use a special tractor or machine.For some of the vegetables like carrots the machine dig them up from the ground and separate the carrot from its green leaves (show picture of a natural carrot, the fields and the harvest machine)(A).
Then all of the products goes through the same step B, C and D as mentioned above.
What else can you do with “Where does it come from”:
There can be many different types of areas you want to tell the kids about. This one above is just about food, but one other example I suggest to talk about is trees and everything good that comes out of a tree. It does not just gives us products as for example wooden toys, writingpaper, books, toiletpaper, wood, buildingmaterial, furniture, boats, oils like eucalyptus, and food maple syrup, but it also provdes us for an example with shade, makes the soil stay when an area is getting flooded, symbiosis withinsects and birds and cleans the air from pollution= gives us oxygen.
Make them love the trees and care for them. Ask them how to save the trees, for example not using more toiletpaper or writingpaper than you actually need, say no to junk mail in your letterbox, do some recycling so it can be reused instead of chopping another tree down.
Let the kids draw some pictures of trees and some of their favourite products that comes from a tree.
Eat pancakes with maplesyrup or bread with honey that comes from bees making nectar out of the eucalyptus tree flowers.
Make toys out of old toiletrolls.
Show them eucalyptus oil or let them smell something that has a vague smell of it. Tell them about medical benefits from the eucalyptus oil.
Show them a koala and ask them what they eat. Without a special type of eucaluptus the koala would die, why, because the only eat those types of leaves and nothing else.
Game to play at the end of the project/week about where does it come from:
Combine all the differerent areas the kids have heard about. Fill a box full of things that belongs to a certain area or a certain occupation and let them match the items with the right occupation/area. Example: box with toy animals, toy food, wooden toys, paper and so on. Then they have to place these things next to the right picture or someone posing as a tree or a farmer and the other areas they have heard about.
After each project fill the box with lots of different items, not just what belongs to that days class. Let them guess/sort out what comes from that area and what does not. Example for what comes from the farm: plastic container (no), sunglasses (no), book (no), an animal (yes), biscuits (yes), a tractor (yes) and so on and only a few of the things actually matches with the farmer .
Let the kids draw/place out the differerent steps from raw product to finished product. Example food milk products : 1.Picture of a cow or a cow toy on the farmers land, 2. The milking machine picture, 3. The truck to pick up the milk, 4. The factory, 5. The shop, 6. The dinner table.